Why Whole Brain Learning?
I recently completed my doctorate. As a student as well as a full-time teacher, I gained a new perspective and empathy for my students. My classes met each Friday night from 6-10 and from 8-5 on Saturdays. After teaching all week, I was exhausted on Friday night classes. Lecture after lecture usually lulled me to sleep by 8:30. One particular Friday class, we received a text from our professor that asked us to wear a coat and comfortable shoes. She went on to inform us that we were going on a scavenger hunt around the campus. I remember dancing for joy that I would not have to sit the whole night. Then it hit me, if I felt this way as an adult learner, how much more must my students feel?
What is Whole Brain Learning?
The human brain and its ability for retrieval have been a new frontier in education over the last few decades. Whole Brain Learning is the engagement of strategies based on principles derived from an understanding of the brain (Jensen, 2008). It encompasses multiple learning modalities that produce higher retention and engagement of students. In order for learning to occur, the brain must fire thousands of neurons. These neurons require activation to fire, or it will remain dormant and activation of memory will not take place. Whole brain teaching fires more neutrons in the brain for learning. Plainly put, the more ways you introduce new learning, the additional pathways a student has in the retrieval process. When learning encompasses multiple learning styles, the information will hold a better chance for retention.
How Do I Incorporate Whole Brain Teaching into my Classroom?
For additional information, see Teaching the Unteachable Blog.
- Experience the Standards-More experts and research than I care to list, maintain that when students have authentic, tangible, and meaningful experiences, student retention is 65% compared to 10% through lecture or didactic learning (Bannerman, 2009 & Garner, 2007). For example, rather than instruct measurement through a worksheet, give students real world practice by taking them outside to find the area or perimeter of the playground or flowerbed or teaching about D-Day by playing a structured capture the flag game.
- Move to Learn: One of the best pathways for memory is to learn by doing. Anytime you can get students up and moving, they are more apt to engage and therefore retain information taught. A simple way to add movement into a lesson is by adding hand motions to an otherwise boring topic. For example, when teaching the aspects of narrative writing, teach students S.T.O.R.Y. S-Starring duh da duh da…my characters (dramatic with jazz hands)
T-Talking or Dialogue (hands talking to each other)
O-Opening and Closing (using hands opening and closing a door)
R-Rising Action (start at the bottom and rise up)
Y-Yummy Details (rub belly and use Sumo Wrestler voice).
- Proximity Learning: Location, Location, Location….Each time you teach a particular skill or standard, try standing in the same location each time. After a while, students will remember the information simply by the location. I had a student that had difficulty with memory. When I asked him to retrieve information, he first said he did not know, but knew it was in the right corner of the room. He shut his eyes, visualized me standing there, and was able to remember the information.
- Trick Kids into Processing: How many times have your students blurt out the answers without thinking through it? What typically happens is the higher achieving students shout out the answer while other student’s thinking is effectively shut down.
Try this instead. Have the students think about the answer. You may drop hints such as it is a long word…or the synonym is …Then have students close their eyes, visualize it, open their eyes, blow the answer into their hands, and when the teacher says 1-2-3-they throw the answer. This gives all students an opportunity to think through their answer as well as giving all students an opportunity to learn. For example, the teacher may ask what is the process in which all plants receive their food through the sun. The teacher may ask what letter it starts with…or describe this as a long word…have them close their eyes and picture the word very bright….and have the students make camera clicking noises….by the time you have them blow the answer in their hands, most students have visualized it, made movements with the word, and verbalized it.
Still Want More:
There are so many more whole brain-teaching techniques; I couldn’t possibly list them all in this blog post. Start with a few activities and reflect what worked. There are thousands of YouTube videos on the subject including my own. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K40svSVYqTY
For a list of great books and resources, feel free to email me.